IDEA clearly states that the purpose of Special Education is to:
Ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free appropriate public education with any related services necessary to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment and independent living. Sec 1400 (d)
- When a student reaches age 14, the IEP team is required to consider post-school goals
- When a student reaches age 16, an individualized transition plan (ITP) must be developed
- Appropriate transition-related objectives should be selected at each age/grade level, beginning in elementary school
Definition of Transition Services in IDEA
An outcome-oriented process based upon the student’s individual needs and preferences that include:
- Related services
- Community experiences
- Daily living opportunities
- Functional vocational evaluation
How do Former Special Education students do in “real life”?
Completing high school
Only 25% of the students with disabilities earn a High School diploma
The unemployment rate for young adults with disabilities is around 50%
27% of young adults with disabilities enrolled in postsecondary education
4 out of 5 former special education students do not achieved independence
Employment Terms for Disabled Adults
- Small business enterprise
- Mobile work crew
- Vocational setting for adults with disabilities, offer transitional and extended employment
- The problems with sheltered employment include limited opportunities for job placement and low pay
Group homes – Provide family style living for a small group of individuals
Foster homes – Live as part of a family unit
Apartment living – Apartment cluster or Co-residence apartment
Supported living – Helping people with disabilities live in the community as independently and normally as they possibly can
Institutions – there has been a movement of disabled people out of large institutions and into small, community-based living environments for the past 35 years
Recreation and Leisure
Recreation and leisure activities do not come easily for many adults with disabilities. Special educators must realize the importance of including training for recreation and leisure in curricula for school- age children with disabilities
Important Things to Know
What is Supplemental Security Income (SSI)?
SSI is a Federal income supplement program funded by general tax revenue (not Social Security taxes). SSI is designed to help aged, blind, and disabled people, who have little or no income and provides cash to meet basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter. SSI is an important source of supplementary income for disabled adults.
What is a Medicaid Waiver?
The Medicaid program is an enormously important source of money to pay for services and supports for people with developmental disabilities. About $3 of every $4 that states spend for developmental disabilities services comes by way of Medicaid. Once, Medicaid dollars only paid for institutional services. Today, Medicaid allows more diverse services and supports for individuals in the community, by “waiving” the need to get those same services in an institution.
Adults with disabilities continue to face lack of acceptance as full members of society. Parents of disabled adults continue to be the primary source of support and advocacy for them as adults. This would be fine if they were able to outlive their children. However, persons with disabilities have begun to assert their legal rights challenging the view that persons with disabilities are incapable of speaking for themselves